17 Interesting Facts about Harriet Tubman

Harriet Tubman, born Araminta Ross in 1822 in Dorchester County, Maryland, was a courageous abolitionist and humanitarian who played a pivotal role in the fight against slavery in the United States. Born into slavery, Tubman endured the brutality of the institution from a young age but managed to escape to freedom in 1849, risking her life to secure her own liberty.

After gaining her freedom, Tubman embarked on what became known as the Underground Railroad, a network of secret routes and safe houses used by enslaved African Americans to escape to free states and Canada. Over the course of nearly a decade, Tubman made approximately 13 dangerous missions back into slave-holding territory, leading hundreds of enslaved people to freedom. Her remarkable courage, resourcefulness, and unwavering commitment to justice earned her the nickname “Moses” among the people she rescued.

Tubman’s efforts extended beyond her work with the Underground Railroad. During the Civil War, she served as a scout, spy, and nurse for the Union Army, becoming the first woman to lead an armed expedition in the war. She played a crucial role in several military operations, including the Combahee River Raid, where she led Union forces in liberating over 700 enslaved people in South Carolina.

After the war, Tubman continued her activism in the fight for civil rights and women’s suffrage. She was a vocal advocate for the rights of African Americans and women, speaking out against injustice and inequality. Tubman’s legacy as a fearless leader and freedom fighter continues to inspire generations of people around the world, and her contributions to the abolitionist movement and the struggle for equality remain an integral part of American history.

Harriet Tubman’s remarkable life and legacy serve as a powerful reminder of the strength of the human spirit and the enduring power of resistance against oppression. Her unwavering dedication to freedom and justice continues to inspire people of all backgrounds to stand up against injustice and fight for a better, more equitable world.

Harriet Tubman

Harriet Tubman

To know more about Harriet Tubman, let’s take a look at these 17 interesting facts about Harriet Tubman.

  1. Early Life: Harriet Tubman was born into slavery around 1822 in Dorchester County, Maryland, under the name Araminta Ross.
  2. Escape to Freedom: Tubman escaped from slavery in 1849, fleeing to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, with the help of the Underground Railroad.
  3. Underground Railroad: Tubman became one of the most famous conductors of the Underground Railroad, leading around 13 missions and guiding approximately 70 enslaved individuals to freedom.
  4. Code Name: Tubman was known as “Moses” among those she helped escape, a reference to the biblical figure who led the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt.
  5. Fugitive Slave Law: After the passage of the Fugitive Slave Law in 1850, Tubman relocated to Canada to avoid the risk of capture and extradition back to slavery.
  6. Rescue Missions: Tubman made daring rescue missions into slave-holding territories, using her ingenuity and resourcefulness to evade capture and guide enslaved individuals to safety.
  7. Civil War Service: During the Civil War, Tubman served as a nurse, scout, and spy for the Union Army, assisting in various military operations.
  8. Armed Expedition: Tubman led an armed expedition during the Civil War, becoming the first woman to lead an armed assault in the conflict.
  9. Combahee River Raid: Tubman played a crucial role in the Combahee River Raid, leading Union forces in liberating over 700 enslaved people in South Carolina.
  10. Family Reunification: Tubman helped reunite her family members, rescuing her parents and several siblings from slavery.
  11. Reward for Capture: Tubman was a fugitive from slavery, and a reward of $40,000 was offered for her capture, demonstrating the threat she posed to the institution of slavery.
  12. Activism: After the Civil War, Tubman continued her activism, advocating for civil rights, women’s suffrage, and the welfare of African Americans.
  13. Speeches and Writings: Tubman delivered speeches and wrote letters and memoirs detailing her experiences and advocating for the rights of marginalized communities.
  14. Disability: Tubman suffered a head injury as a child, which resulted in lifelong seizures and narcolepsy, but despite this, she persevered and accomplished extraordinary feats.
  15. Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park: In 2013, the Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park was established in Maryland, honoring her legacy and contributions.
  16. Recognition: Tubman’s bravery and contributions to the abolitionist movement have been widely recognized, with numerous monuments, landmarks, and institutions named in her honor.
  17. Legacy: Harriet Tubman remains an iconic figure in American history, celebrated for her courage, resilience, and unwavering commitment to freedom and justice for all. Her legacy continues to inspire people around the world to fight against oppression and work towards a more equitable society.

Harriet Tubman’s legacy is a testament to the resilience, courage, and determination of the human spirit. Born into slavery, Tubman defied the odds to escape to freedom and then dedicated her life to helping others do the same. As a conductor of the Underground Railroad, she risked her life time and again to lead enslaved individuals to freedom, earning her the nickname “Moses” for her leadership and guiding light. Her service during the Civil War and her tireless advocacy for civil rights and women’s suffrage further solidify her place as one of the most influential figures in American history. Harriet Tubman’s unwavering commitment to justice and equality continues to inspire generations, reminding us all of the power of one individual to enact profound change in the world.