29 Interesting Facts about Prince Edward Island, Canada

Prince Edward Island (PEI), located in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, is the smallest province of Canada, both in terms of size and population. Despite its modest dimensions, it’s a province of immense beauty and historical significance. Known as the “Garden of the Gulf,” PEI is renowned for its stunning red sandy beaches, vibrant green fields, and picturesque coastlines. The island’s capital and largest city is Charlottetown, a place steeped in Canadian history as the birthplace of Confederation.

PEI is characterized by its strong maritime culture and rich fishing heritage. Lobster fishing, in particular, is a crucial industry for the island. The island’s unique geography also enables the growth of world-famous PEI potatoes, a staple of the province and exported internationally.

Anne of Green Gables, a literary character created by Lucy Maud Montgomery, is one of the most enduring symbols associated with PEI. The fictional story set in the island has made it a popular tourist destination, attracting fans from around the globe. The Anne of Green Gables Museum is a significant attraction where visitors can immerse themselves in the world of the beloved character.

The Confederation Bridge, linking PEI to New Brunswick, stands as a remarkable engineering feat and an essential transportation artery. Prior to its construction, the island was connected to the mainland only by ferry services. The island’s tourism industry has been significantly boosted by the ease of access provided by the bridge.

PEI is deeply rooted in its historical role as one of the founding provinces of Canada. The Charlottetown Conference of 1864, held in the province, is considered a crucial event that led to the formation of the Canadian Confederation. This rich historical background is reflected in the island’s numerous historical sites and museums, inviting visitors to step back in time and understand Canada’s journey towards nationhood.

Prince Edward Island’s allure lies in its compact charm, historical significance, and natural beauty. It’s a province that celebrates its maritime traditions, cherishes its literary legacy, and invites all who visit to experience the warmth of its communities and the serenity of its landscapes.

Lighthouse in Prince Edward Island

Lighthouse in Prince Edward Island

To know more about PEI, let’s take a look at these 29 interesting facts about Prince Edward Island, Canada.

  1. Smallest Province: Prince Edward Island (PEI) is the smallest province in Canada in terms of both size and population.
  2. Island Province: PEI is the only Canadian province that is entirely made up of an island.
  3. Red Soil: The island is known for its vibrant red soil, a result of the high iron oxide content in the earth.
  4. Anne of Green Gables: PEI is the birthplace and setting for the beloved literary character Anne of Green Gables, created by Lucy Maud Montgomery.
  5. Lobster Capital: PEI is often referred to as the “Lobster Capital of the World” due to its significant lobster fishing industry.
  6. Confederation Bridge: The Confederation Bridge is one of the longest bridges in the world, connecting PEI to New Brunswick.
  7. Potato Production: PEI is a major producer of potatoes and is known for its high-quality potatoes, particularly the Russet Burbank variety.
  8. Bicycle-Friendly: PEI is a popular destination for cyclists, offering scenic cycling routes and the Confederation Trail.
  9. Charlottetown: Charlottetown is the capital city of PEI and is famous for hosting the Charlottetown Conference, a significant event in Canadian history.
  10. Green Gables House: Green Gables, the farm that inspired the Anne of Green Gables series, is a popular tourist attraction on PEI.
  11. Oysters: PEI is known for its delicious oysters and is one of the top oyster-producing regions in Canada.
  12. Beaches: PEI has some of the most beautiful and pristine sandy beaches in Canada, attracting visitors for swimming and relaxation.
  13. Old Home Week: Old Home Week is an annual agricultural fair and exhibition held in Charlottetown, showcasing the island’s farming heritage.
  14. Governor’s Mansion: Fanningbank, also known as Government House, is the official residence of the Lieutenant Governor of PEI.
  15. Maritime Provinces: PEI is part of the Maritime Provinces along with New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.
  16. Potato Museum: PEI is home to the Canadian Potato Museum, dedicated to the history and significance of potatoes in Canada.
  17. Birthplace of Confederation: Charlottetown is often referred to as the “Birthplace of Confederation” as it hosted the Charlottetown Conference in 1864.
  18. St. Dunstan’s Basilica: St. Dunstan’s Basilica in Charlottetown is a stunning Roman Catholic basilica known for its architecture and religious significance.
  19. Victoria Park: Victoria Park in Charlottetown is a popular recreational area with beautiful views of the harbor, walking trails, and playgrounds.
  20. PEI National Park: PEI National Park protects a significant portion of the island’s north shore, showcasing its natural beauty and diverse ecosystems.
  21. Diverse Bird Species: PEI is a haven for birdwatchers, with over 300 bird species recorded on the island.
  22. Low Crime Rates: PEI consistently boasts some of the lowest crime rates in Canada, making it a safe place to live and visit.
  23. Tidal Bores: PEI experiences tidal bores, natural phenomena where the incoming tide reverses the flow of rivers.
  24. Bridge Run: The annual “Bridge Run” allows participants to run or walk across the Confederation Bridge, offering breathtaking views.
  25. Island Literary Festival: The PEI Festival of Small Halls celebrates local music, culture, and community, often held in charming rural halls across the island.
  26. Aviation History: PEI is known for its aviation history and is home to the Atlantic Canada Aviation Museum.
  27. Fishing Industry: The fishing industry, particularly lobster and mussel farming, is a vital part of the island’s economy.
  28. French Influence: PEI has a significant Acadian population, contributing to the French influence in the province.
  29. Wood Islands Ferry Terminal: The Wood Islands Ferry Terminal connects PEI to Nova Scotia, providing an essential transportation link between the two provinces.
Sunset in Prince Edward Island

Sunset in Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island is a province of profound charm and rich heritage, leaving an indelible mark on those who have the pleasure of experiencing its allure. Its unique island status, with its vivid red earth and stunning coastline, is a metaphorical and literal representation of the warmth and passion that radiates from its people. The island holds within its bounds a treasure trove of cultural richness, from the iconic tale of Anne of Green Gables to its deeply ingrained maritime traditions. It beckons not just with its captivating landscapes but also with its narrative, inviting visitors to delve into its stories and embrace the simplicity and grace of island living.

Stepping into Prince Edward Island is like entering a world where time seems to slow down, allowing for deeper connections with both the environment and the people who call this island home. The sense of community, the gentle lull of the ocean, and the vibrant tapestry of colors that blanket the island in various seasons are not just elements of nature but reflections of the islanders’ spirit. PEI stands as a testament to the power of preservation, both of its natural beauty and the values that have been passed down through generations. It embodies a delicate balance between embracing progress and cherishing tradition, making it not just a place on a map but a way of life worth cherishing.