Geology

24 Interesting Facts about Hadean Eon

Zircons from Hadean Eon

The Hadean Eon represents the earliest division of Earth’s history, spanning from approximately 4.6 billion years ago (the formation of the Earth) to around 4 billion years ago. It’s a period shrouded in mystery due to the scarcity of direct geological evidence and the extreme conditions prevalent on the young…
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23 Interesting Facts about Iron Ore

Large chunk of iron ore

Iron ore is a crucial natural resource used extensively in modern industrial processes, primarily for the production of steel. It is a rock and mineral that contains varying amounts of iron oxides, with hematite and magnetite being the most commonly mined ores for their high iron content. These ores are…
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31 Interesting Facts about Intrusive Rock

Devils Tower, an intrusive igneous rock formation

Intrusive rocks, also known as plutonic rocks, are igneous rocks formed from magma that cools and solidifies below the Earth’s surface. These rocks undergo a slow cooling process, allowing for the formation of relatively large mineral grains. This slow cooling within the Earth’s crust provides the conditions for crystals to…
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28 Interesting Facts about Interior of the Earth

Internal Structure of Earth

The interior of the Earth is divided into several distinct layers, each with its unique properties, composition, and characteristics. The Earth’s structure comprises the crust, mantle, outer core, and inner core, all playing crucial roles in geological processes and the planet’s overall dynamics. Starting with the outermost layer, the crust…
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28 Interesting Facts about Inner Core

Earth's Inner Core

The Earth’s inner core is a remarkable and mysterious region located at the very center of our planet, beneath the outer core, mantle, and crust. It stands out for its unique characteristics. Composed primarily of iron and nickel, similar to the outer core, the inner core is solid despite its…
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40 Interesting Facts about Igneous Rocks

Igneous Rock

Igneous rocks are a fundamental category of rocks in geology, constituting a significant portion of the Earth’s crust. These rocks are formed through the cooling and solidification of molten material, either below the surface (intrusive or plutonic) or on the Earth’s surface (extrusive or volcanic). The molten material, known as…
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47 Interesting Facts about Extrusive Rock

Basalt

Extrusive rocks, fascinatingly, are a type of igneous rock formed when molten lava erupts onto the Earth’s surface and cools rapidly. This rapid cooling occurs as the lava comes into contact with the atmosphere, solidifying into rock relatively quickly. This process distinguishes extrusive rocks from their counterparts, intrusive rocks, which…
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37 Interesting Facts about James Hutton

James Hutton

James Hutton was a Scottish geologist and natural philosopher who lived from 1726 to 1797. He is considered to be one of the most important figures in the history of geology, as his work laid the foundation for the modern understanding of Earth’s history and the processes that shape the…
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45 Interesting Facts about Jade

Jade

Jade is a gemstone that has been prized for its beauty and durability for thousands of years. It is typically a green color, but can also come in a range of other colors including white, black, orange, yellow, and lavender. Jade is formed from two different minerals, nephrite and jadeite,…
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